Government – A government is a group of people who are elected to make rules and change laws for a country, state or territory, or a local area.
Parliament – Parliament is the lawmaking group, in the government of Australia.
Anarchy – A state or country without a government or law.
Constitutional – The way something is made.
Democracy – A democracy is a form of government in which the people, either directly or indirectly, take part in governing.
Legislature – The branch of government having the power to make laws.
Judiciary – Pertaining to the courts of law or to judges.
Political – Connected with the political party.
Communism – A theory and system of social and political organisation.
Totalitarianism – Is a government that does not tolerate parties of differing opinion
Aristocracy – People treated beyond others and are wealthy and rich.
Dictatorship – A country with a government that is run by a dictator, a person who has lots of authority.
Referendum – A special vote where people say yes or no to the agreement.
Concurrent Power – When the federal and state governments have to agree on something together.
COAG – The Council of Australian Governments.
Here is a summary of Federation:
Before Australia became Australia, people lived in 6 separate colonies. If you were to pass through the border, you had to go to customs. The colonies had their own laws, rules, defence force, armies, stamps and train rails. People started wanting to become one nation, so in 1890, representatives all met and voted to become one. They needed the approval of the British parliament and in 1901 it agreed. That was the birth of the nation.